Passing by at Ingolstadt in Bavaria, Germany

We just happened to stop by in this city named Ingolstadt last June 2007. We were on our way to Salzburg, Austria and we decided to stopped-by here. We also went to the Audi factory, one of German’s famous car manufacturer. It was a short but informative sightseeing in Ingolstadt. keep reading below for some historical information about this city.

The old “Rathaus” or city hall of Ingolstadt.

HISTORY AND CULTURE OF INGOLSTADT

Ingolstadt was first mentioned in a document of Charlemagne on 6 February 806 as “Ingoldes stat”, the place of Ingold. Circa year 1250, Ingolstadt was granted city status.

Ingolstadt was the capital of the duchy Bavaria-Ingolstadt between 1392 and 1447. Ingolstadt was then united with Bavaria-Landshut. Louis VII, Duke of Bavaria ordered the building of the New Castle, which is strongly influenced by French Gothic architecture. In 1472 Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria founded the Ludwig-Maximilians-University in Ingolstadt, which was moved to Landshut in 1800 and finally to Munich.

On 30 April 1632, the German fieldmarshall Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly died in Ingolstadt, during the Swedish siege. The fieldmarshall had been badly hurt in a previous engagement with the Swedes under King Gustavus Adolphus. Ingolstadt proved to be the first fortress in Germany that held out for the entire length of the Swedish siege, and the Swedes eventually withdrew.

Another piece of history is that the horse of Gustavus Adolphus can be seen in the Museum of the Bavarian Army in the city. The horse was shot from under the king, by one of the cannons inside the fortress. The cannon was at that time known as “The Fig”. When the Swedes withdrew, the remains of the horse were preserved, and it was eventually put on display, and has remained so for almost 400 years.

Originally a fortress city, Ingolstadt is enclosed by a medieval defensive wall. The Bavarian fortress (1537–1930) nowadays holds the museum of the Bavarian army. During World War I, future France president Charles de Gaulle was detained there as a prisoner of war. A sappers’ drill ground is still crossing the river, two military air bases are nearby, one used for testing airplanes. The long military tradition of the city is reflected in today’s civil and cultural life. Former “off-limit” grounds are now well used public parks.

Ingolstadt was the city where William IV, Duke of Bavaria wrote and signed the Bavarian Reinheitsgebot in 1516. Adolf Scherzer composed the “Bayerischen Defiliermarsch”, and Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is related to the Ingolstädter Alte Anatomie (Old Anatomy Building), now a museum for medical history. In 1748, Adam Weishaupt, the founder of the Order of Illuminati, was born in Ingolstadt. The famous writer Marieluise Fleißer wrote Pioniere in Ingolstadt in 1928. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ingolstadt

 
 

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