Geography
Germany is a federation made up of 16 federal states, each of  which has independ ent if constrained state authority

Germany is a federation made up of 16 federal states, each of which has independent if constrained state authority

Location

Central Europe

Size

357,021 km²

Borders

3,757 km

Coastline

2,389 km

Neighboring states

Germany is at the heart of Europe and has nine neighbors:
Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, and Switzerland

Highest mountain

Zugspitze 2963 m

Longest rivers

Rhine 865 km, Elbe 700 km, Danube 647 km (in Germany)

Largest cities

Berlin 3.4 million inhabitants, Hamburg (1.8m), Munich (1.3m), Cologne (1.0m), Frankfurt/Main (662,000)

Landscape

From the North Sea to the Baltic Sea in the North to the Alps in the South, Germany is structured geographically as follows: the North German lowlands, the Mittelgebirge ridge, the Southwest German subdued mountains and terraced landscape, the South German piedmont and the Bavarian Alps

Climate

Moderate oceanic/continental climatic zone with frequent changes in weather and primarily westerly winds

 
 

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