Nuremberg Castle is one of the most important fortresses in Europe considering its architecture and history. It is located in the north of the historical city of Nuremberg on a sandstone rock.
Don’t miss to visit this castle when you visit Nuremberg in Bavaria, Germany. Here are some images I took last time.
Archeological investigations during recent days indicate that the place was already settled around the year 1000, although this has not been backed up by any documentary proof. Although Nuremberg was first recorded in 1050, when Henry III visited the town, there is no specific mention of the castle. The castle does not appear in any documents until 1105.
Between 1050 and 1571, all Kaisers and kings of the Holy Roman Empire resided in the castle. In 1140, King Conrad III started building a second castle on the site, to be the royal residence.
In the 13th century, Nuremberg became an Imperial Free City, and the castle fell into the care of the city. Of all the parts of the castle built during this time, the Luginsland tower, begun in 1377, literally stands out.
“Tiefer Brunnen” (English: deep well) and “Sinwellturm” (English: Sinwell Tower)
In 1381, the robber baron Eppelein von Gailingen famously escaped death on the gallows when his horse leapt into the castle moat.
Nuremberg castle comprises three sections: the imperial castle (“Kaiserburg”), some buildings of the Burgraves of Nuremberg (“Burggrafenburg”), and the municipal buildings of the Imperial City at the eastern site (“Reichsstädtische Bauten”).